Employment Based Visas

There are five Employment-Based (EB) visas/green cards denoting preference that gives an individual permanent residency in the United States. The EB visa group of green cards covers various employment-based immigration options.

EB-1 (Employment Based First Preference)

  • Available to foreign nationals with extraordinary ability in science, arts, education, business, or athletics, outstanding professors or researchers, and multinational executives or managers.
  • Qualified individuals do not need a job offer but must prove extraordinary ability or achievements in their field.
  • You must provide evidence showing you are coming to the United States to continue work in this area of expertise.
  • Three categories:
    • Extraordinary ability
    • Outstanding professors and researchers
    • Certain Multinational manager or executive

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EB-2 (Employment Based Second Preference)

  • Available to foreign nationals with advanced degrees or exceptional ability in their field.
  • Must have either a master’s degree or higher, or a bachelor’s degree plus five years of progressive experience in your field.
  • Alternatively, you must demonstrate exceptional ability in your field, which is defined as having a degree of expertise significantly above that ordinarily encountered in your field. This can be satisfied by letters from employers.
  • Do not need a job offer from a U.S. employer, but you must undergo a labor certification process to demonstrate that there are no qualified U.S. workers available to fill the position.

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EB-3 (Employment Based Third Preference)

  • Available to foreign nationals with at least two years of experience or training in their profession, or who have a bachelor’s degree or equivalent.
  • Designed for skilled workers, professionals, and other workers who do not qualify for the EB-1 or EB-2 categories.
  • Skilled workers are defined as those who have at least two years of experience or training in their field, while professionals must have a bachelor’s degree or higher in their field.
  • Individuals must have a job offer from a U.S. employer who is willing to sponsor their application and undergo a labor certification process proving no qualified US workers.

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EB-4 (Employment Based Fourth Preference)

  • Available to special immigrants who are in a certain category. Those categories include:
    • Religious workers
    • Special immigrant juveniles 
    • Certain broadcasters
    • Certain retired officers or employees of a G-4 international organization or NATO-6 civilian employees and their family members
    • Members of the U.S. armed forces 
    • Panama Canal company or Canal Zone government employees
    • Certain physicians licensed and practicing medicine in the U.S.
    • Noncitizens who have supplied information concerning a criminal organization or enterprise or a terrorist organization, enterprise, or operation (S immigrants)

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EB-5 (Employment Based Fifth Preference)

  • Available to investors (and their spouses and children who are unmarried and under the age of 21) if they:
    • Make the necessary investment in a commercial enterprise in the U.S.; and
    • Plan to create or preserve 10 permanent full-time jobs for qualified U.S. workers.

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